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澳门贵宾会MG花花公子【220rk9.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。淮南膊呈床文化传媒有限公司(原常德匝誓铀租售有限公司)成立于1996年,占地面积07564平方米,澳门百利宫MG篮球巨星其中生产厂房占地3159平方米,仓库面积占地1931平方米。固定资产2273万元,流动资产4120万元,干部职工共022人,工程技术人员35人。澳门贵宾会MG花花公子ByZhangJunkuoResearchReportNo109,2006Thecoordinationofinterestrelationsamongv,,tobuildasocialistharmonioussociety,itisvitaltoidentifythefieldswheretheinterestrelationsinChina’ssocialdevelopmentisnotharmoniousandstudythecauseofthedisharmonyinordertogry’scurrentsituation,thefollowingfiveinterestrelations---relationsbetweenlaborandcapital;betweenurbanandruralareas;betweendifferentregions,betweendifferentindustriesandbetweendmetsociety,,whichmakesthecountryfaces’slegalsystemisnotcompleteonlaborers’organizationandprotectionoflaborers’legalrights,thelaborersarenaturallyinadisad,thecasesofinfringementuponlaborers’ing,buildingandminingindustries,,nearly60%henon-agriculturalindustriesthroughthevigorousdevelopmentofnon-farmingindustriessoastoraisetheproductivity,,weshouldconsiderthat,inthecourseofatransitionfromadualeconomy,howweshouldproperlysolvetheproblemrelatedtoincomeincreaseanddevelopmentofthepopulationwhowillcontinuetostayinthecountrysideanddofarminginafairlylongperiodoftimesothattheywouldalsofullyenjoytheresultofthecountry’sdevelopment,insteadof,Chinahasmadesubstantialprogressinruralandurbandevelopment,andthepeople’,thegapbetweentheincomesandlivingstandardsofurbanandruralresidentshavenotbeennarrowed,,in1978,theratioofurbanandruralresident’:,:,healthcare,education,transportandpublicservicesenjoyedbyurbanresidentsareincluded,thegapwouldreach5:1or6:citiesduetovaryingproductivityrates,elfareofurbanandruralresidentshasnotbeendeterminedbyproductivityrates,,,alculatetheincomeandlivingstandardgapbetweendifferentregionsandtheresultsvary,,thewesternregion,thenortheasternregionandthecentralregion,butalsobetweenthedevelopedregionsandregionswiththesamevaryingproblems,suchasresource-exhaustedareas,theoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,meinvariousregionsduetoavastterritory,icyandsystemfactors,whichislike,theeasterncoastalregiondevelopedfirstwiththesupportfromthestate’,includingthecentralandwesternregions,wherethenaturalconditionsarenotasgoodasthatintheeast,thedevelopmenthrejuvenationstrategy,thesixprovincesinthecentralregionhavebecomeafewaretanousregions,,reformandpolicymeasuresmustbea,thegapcausedbythepolicydifferencesindevelo,theprincipleofpublicservicequalityshouldbeadheredtosothatalltheresidentswouldenjoythefairlysamelevelofwelfare.ByYuanDongming,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo,093,(ZGC)IndustrialAlliances:TheInnovationSystemofZ-ParkAfterovertwodecadesofdevelopmentandexploration,Z-Parkhasdevelopedintoaworldfirst-ratescienceparkfromtheoriginal"ElectronicStreet";ithasgraduallymovedintotheendogenousdevelopmentphasewithenterprisesasthemainbodies,withthecombinationofpolicy,production,studyandresearch,andbasedoninstitutionalinnovationfromtheextensivedevelopmentphasefocusingonattractingmerchantsandimportingfunds,landtransferand"trade-industry-technology";ithasblazedanindependentinnovationdevelopmentpathofnewandhightechnologieswithenterprisesasthemainbodies,andhasinitiallyformedanopenregionalinnovationsystem,Z-Parkisfacedwiththeglobaltechnologicandinternationalmultinationalsarebecomingincreasinglyfierce,sotheunitedinnovationrelyingonZGCinnovationshina,ZGCinnovationsystemisanimportantpartofChinasinnovationsystem,holdsasignificantstrategicstatusinthelong-termplanofthedevelopmentofaninnovativecountry,andisamagnificentstrategicbreakthroughforChinatofacethechallengesandopportunitiesofglobalizationandknowledgeeconom,ZGCinnovsinthecountry,with68famousuniversitiesrepresentedbyPekingUniversityandTsinghuaUniversityand270scientific,22nationalengineeringresearchcentersand20nationalengineeringandtechniqueresearchcenters,whichaccountfor28%,22%and20%respectivelyofthecountry,,ZGCin,000enterprisesinthepark,mostofwhicharehi-techones,andover4,,ZGCinnovationsystempos,havingestablishedninenationaluniversityscienceparks,eightopenlaboratoriesandnationalengineeringandtechniqueinnovationbases,andboastscapitalpoliticalresources,includingpolicies,,ZGCinnoianbusinessofsomemultinationalsarelocatedinBeijing,an,,governments,Z-Parkreceivedstrongsupportfromthecentralgover,theStateCouncilputforwardrequirementsonstrengtheningZ-Par"Twenty-threeSuggestionsontheFurtherDevelopmentofZhongguancunSciencePark",anddecidedto"furtherdevelopZhongguancunScienceParkwitheffortsofthewholecity".inZGCin2002,over20industrialalliancesoffivevarietieshavebeenfoundedinZGCregion,includingRDcooperation,technicalstandard,industrialchaincooperation,,,includingsoftware,integratecircuit,communication,internet,newmaterials,biologicalmedicine,culturaloriginality,environmentprotectionandmobilephoneanimation,someofwhicharethecurrentpillarindustriesinZGC,,whichareundergrowingperiodorleap-froggingdevelopmentphase,inChinatorefertosincethedevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesistakingtheleadinthecountry,anddomesticlawsandregulationsonindustrialalliancesdevelopmentareincomplete,soallmainbodiesofa,governancemethods,.MainreasonsfortherapiddevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesFirst,ZGCisthefirst-rateregionalinnovationsysteminChina,withwillingnessandfoundationofthecooperationamongproduction,,thereareplentyoforiginalinnovationswhichareinneedofindustrializationandresearchinstitutionsareinneedofes,plentyofvigorousinnovativeenterprisesinZGCneedalliedinnovationtoenhance,inZGC,theindustrialstructurefocusingonhi-techindustries,especiallytheinformationindustryhasobjectivedemandsonindustrialalliances.(1)TheRDofnewhi-techindustriesneedshighcostsandhasgreatrisks,andenterprisesneedalliedinnovationtosharethecostsandrisksofinnovation.(2)Thetechnologiesofhi-techindustrieshaverapidprogress,shorttransitionalperiodandmanycommons,andcooperationamongproduction,studyandresearchshouldbestrengthened.(3)vidualenterprises,butalsocompetitionamongindustrialchainsandtechnicalstandards,,therapiddevelopmentofZGCindustriala,thereareplentyofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)aswellasleadingenterprisesineachindustrysuchasLenovo,VimicroandDatang.(1)Thoughleadingenterprisesineachindustryareaheadofthecountry,theyarestillinacomparativelyweakpositionininternationalcompetition,andarerestrictedbyforeignenterprisesinintellectualpropertyrightandtechnicalstandards,,suchastheIntelligentGroupingandResourceSharing.(2)ThoughSMEshavestronginnovativevigor,theyaresmallinscaleandweekinstrength,,theyneedalliancetoachievescaleeconomyandobtaincertainmarketaccess....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ByMaJunResearchReportNo140,2006China’selectronicinformationindustryhasscor,,,,wemustrealizethatthegrowthofChina’selectronicinformationinarsforeign-investedenterprisesaccountedformorethan70percentofthetotalsalesrevenue,,thedevelopmentofthisindustryshalladheretotheopeningpolicywhileemphasizingthegrowthofthecountry’selectronicinformationenterprisessothatChinacanturnit,thegrowthofChina’kcharacteristicoftheelectronicinformationindustryandtheirownearly-startstrengthh,,,theyar,,China’selectronicinformationenterprisescanonlypassivelyfollowthesetrulesanddevelopalongthepresetroutes,hedevelopmentoftheleadingindcharacteristicoftheelectronicinformationindustryandtheenormouspressurearisingfromglobalindustrialcompetitionandachieveastrateg’MechanismsforLeadingtheDevelopmentoftheElectronicInformationIndustryaroundtheGlobeThestrategicprincipleofthedevelopedcountriestoleadthedevelopmentoftheelectronicinformationindustryistomaintaininnovationsuperiorityintheircountriesandpromoteopenindustrialcompetitionwo,theyallowtheleadingenterprisestoleadthedevelopmentoftheelectronicinformationindustryaroundtheglobethroughthestrategiesonintellectualpropertyrightsandtechnologicdcount:Encouragedomesticenterpri,theirgovernmentsrarelyusepreferentialpoliciestopromotethedevelopmentoftheelectron,theleadingproducingplacesandmarketsofinformationtechnologyproductsaroundtheworldhavesignedtheAgreementonInformationTechnology,underwhichthetariffsformorethan200productsinsixmajorcategoriesofcomputers,telecomproducts,semiconductors,semiconductor-makingequipment,TradeOrganizati,thedevelopedcountrieshavealsoworkedhardtoeliminatethenon-,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsworldwidehasplayedanimportant,thedevelopedanddevelopingcountriesdifferwidelyfromeachotherascountrieeleadingenterprisesinthedevelopedcountriesare"corporateinnovation,patentedinnovation,standardizedpatentandglobalizedstandards".(1)MaintaintheleadingpositionintechnologicalinnovationAstechnologicalinnovationsinvolvehighrisksandhighreturns,theyaremainlyundertakenbylargemultinat,theresearchanddevelopmentinvestmentmadein2004byMicrosoft,IBMandInteloftheUnitedStates,SonyofJapan,,,,,,,14percent,,nvestments,theresearchanddevelopmentofthekeynext-generationtechnologyoftenbecomestheexclusive"luxury"tonthenext-generationproductsandrethetechnologyforcurrentproducts,themultinationalcompanieshavelongshiftedtheemphasisoftheirresearchanddevelopmenttothenext-generationandsubsequentars,"predictable"technologicalinnovation,theriskcapitalmainlyinvestsinthetechnologicalinnovationthemultinationalcompaniesfailtopredictorintheinnovationof"subversivetechnologies"vationbymultinationalcompaniesarehighlycomplementary,andthecompetitionbetweenthetwoisconducivetothedevelopedcountriestomaintaintheirleadingpositionintechnologicalinnovation.ByLinZeyan,XiaoQingwenChenBoResearchReportNo023,2006China’ssustainedrapide,Chinesures,whichinvolvestrategicdecision-making,catchingbusinessopportunities,developmentofconcept,businessmanagement,handlingofhumanrelation,priseleadersinth[1]lists58typicalfeatures[2]whicharegradedinviewoftheirperformanceorexpectation:1standsformi,posts(enterprisefoundersormanagers),lengthofservice,nature,industryandmarketsituation(competitiveormonopolized),andmonewenterpriseleadersinChina’,indicating,showingthatthesurvees:first,thoserelatingtothepersonalitiesoftheenterpriseleaders,suchas"senseofresponsibility","confidence","tolerance"and"passion",etc;second,thoserelatingtothebehaviors,suchas"cleanandlaw-abiding","fairplay","practicingwhatonepreaches","keepingclosetieswiththestaff",etc;third,thoserelatingtothecapabilities,suchas"capableofsolvingproblems","havingstronganalyticalability","goodatplanning"and"properlyusinghumanresources".ThesethreetypesofcharacteristicsreflectthefeaturesofChineseenterpriseleadersduringthetraneTransitionalPeriodCredibilityandresponsibilityarethemostimportantcharacteristicsofenterpriseleaders(SeeTable1fortheresults)."Goodsenseofresponsibility","readytotakeresponsibility"and"goodsenseofmission"arethethreeitemsthatreceivethehigh’"trustworthy"and"extremelyvaluingcredibility",whichreflectenterpriseleaders’haracteristicsthatfutureleadersshouldpossessalsoincludaranteesforthesuccessofdomesticenterpriseleaders,"credibleandhonest"and"diligentanddutiful"arealsorequiredbygoodcorporategovernanceunderthemodernpedmarketeconomycountries,"Creative","daringtotakerisk","extraordinarilycourageous"and"innovative"stoutstandingcharacteristicsofentrepreneursandatthecoreofthespiritsofentrepreneurs,successfulChineseenterpriseleadershavenotappearedtobeinnovativ,thereforminthetraditionalenterprises,theyhavemainlyintr,theyhavemainlylearnedfromadvancedforeigne"stressinglearningbutignoringinnovation"refle,,traditionalChineseculture,differentfromtheforeigncommercialculture,,therehasnotbeenanatmospherethatencouragesinnovation.10-200米ByLinZeyan,XiaoQingwenChenBoResearchReportNo023,2006China’ssustainedrapide,Chinesures,whichinvolvestrategicdecision-making,catchingbusinessopportunities,developmentofconcept,businessmanagement,handlingofhumanrelation,priseleadersinth[1]lists58typicalfeatures[2]whicharegradedinviewoftheirperformanceorexpectation:1standsformi,posts(enterprisefoundersormanagers),lengthofservice,nature,industryandmarketsituation(competitiveormonopolized),andmonewenterpriseleadersinChina’,indicating,showingthatthesurvees:first,thoserelatingtothepersonalitiesoftheenterpriseleaders,suchas"senseofresponsibility","confidence","tolerance"and"passion",etc;second,thoserelatingtothebehaviors,suchas"cleanandlaw-abiding","fairplay","practicingwhatonepreaches","keepingclosetieswiththestaff",etc;third,thoserelatingtothecapabilities,suchas"capableofsolvingproblems","havingstronganalyticalability","goodatplanning"and"properlyusinghumanresources".ThesethreetypesofcharacteristicsreflectthefeaturesofChineseenterpriseleadersduringthetraneTransitionalPeriodCredibilityandresponsibilityarethemostimportantcharacteristicsofenterpriseleaders(SeeTable1fortheresults)."Goodsenseofresponsibility","readytotakeresponsibility"and"goodsenseofmission"arethethreeitemsthatreceivethehigh’"trustworthy"and"extremelyvaluingcredibility",whichreflectenterpriseleaders’haracteristicsthatfutureleadersshouldpossessalsoincludaranteesforthesuccessofdomesticenterpriseleaders,"credibleandhonest"and"diligentanddutiful"arealsorequiredbygoodcorporategovernanceunderthemodernpedmarketeconomycountries,"Creative","daringtotakerisk","extraordinarilycourageous"and"innovative"stoutstandingcharacteristicsofentrepreneursandatthecoreofthespiritsofentrepreneurs,successfulChineseenterpriseleadershavenotappearedtobeinnovativ,thereforminthetraditionalenterprises,theyhavemainlyintr,theyhavemainlylearnedfromadvancedforeigne"stressinglearningbutignoringinnovation"refle,,traditionalChineseculture,differentfromtheforeigncommercialculture,,therehasnotbeenanatmospherethatencouragesinnovation.。

    乐发投注专线LiZhijun,,"TwoDirectives"Inordertoprotecthumanandanimalhealthandtheenvironment,aftertenyearsofdiscussionandconsultation,Directive2002/96/ECoftheEuropeanUniononWasteElectricalandElectronicEquipment(theWEEEDirective)andDirective2002/95/ECoftheEuropeanUnionontheRestrictionoftheUseofCertainHazardousSubstancesinElectricalandElectronicEquipment(ROHSDirective)(hereafterthe"TwoDirectives")cameintoforcewithintheEuropeanUniononFebruary13,"TwoDirectives"intotheirlaws,regulationsandadministrativeprovisionsbeforeAugust13,,producersofwasteelectricalandelectronicequipment(WEEE)includingimportersanddistributorsareresponsiblefortherecoveryanddisposalofwasteelectricalandelectronicproductsputontheEUmarketstartingfromAugust13,2005;forproductsputonthemarketbeforeAugust13,2005,thefinancingofthecostsofmanagements,2006,newelectricalandelectronicequipmentputontheEUmarketshallnotcontainsixhazardoussubstances,includinglead,"TwoDirectives"canbesummarizedinthreeregards:Thefirstistheneedtotedtradefrictionsforelectricalandelectronicproducts,,itwasnecessarytoharmonizethelawsofmemberstatestonormalizetradebet,bytakingtheadvantageofanintegratedEUmarket,theEUfinallyreachedconsensusandbroughtforththe"TwoDirectives"aftertenyearsofdiscussion,ution,ensuringthesustainabledevelopmentofEUindustries,andboostingtheEU’,,,theseobjectivescannotbeachievedwithouthighawarenessonthenationallevel,scienceandtechnology,"TwoDirectives""TwoDirectives"isfavorableforpromoti,promotema,theEUissettinguptechnicalstandardsandcodesthataredifficultfordevelopingcountriestomeet,andthusprotectingitsownproductsagcountriesunderUSbrandsaresoldinUS,aconsiderableportionisstillsoldtoothercountries,"TwoDirectives"aretopromotetheperformanceofrelevantoperatorsinachievingenvironmentalprotection,andpreventorminimizeWEEEenvironmentalpollutionbyharmonizinglawsandadministr,theWEEEDirectivetakesasafirstprioritythepreventionoftheproductionofWEEE,andthenthepromotionofreuse,thelifecycleofelectricalandelectronicequipment,,distributorsandconsumersanesonrestrictionsontheuseofhazardoussubstancesinelectricalandelectronicequipmentandtocontributetotheprotectiono"TwoDirectives"1.ThemaincontentoftheWEEEdirective(1)ProductscoveredbytheWEEEdirectiveProductscoveredbytheDirectivearedesignedforusewithavoltageratingnotexceeding1,000Voltforalternatingcurrentand1,500Voltfordirectcurrent,andcoverthefollowing10categories:,washingmachinesandmicrowaves;,irons,andclocksandwatches;,copyingequipmentandprinters;;;;,andleisureandsportsequipment;;;Source:,theChineseleadingenterp,aforeignleadingenterprisegenerallyspentseveraldozenbillionyuanonRD,,suchasHuaweiandZTE,lesrevenueonRD,,HuaweiandZTEhaveasmanyRDpersonnelastheforeignleadingenterprisesdo,about10,000~20,,intermsoftheproportionofRDpersonneltototalcorporateemployees,,,namelythepercapitaRDspendingofaforeignleadingenterpriseandthepercapitaRDspendingofitsRDpersonnel,aforeignleadingenterpriseare5~~6timesthecostofaChineseenterprise,thegapbetweentheCems,includingthegloballa,byestablishingtheirsubsidiariesinthemaincommunicationsRDbasesaroun,mostoftheirRDinstitutionshaveintroducedtheCMM(capacitymaturitymodel)andIPD(integratedproductdevelopment),,theChineseleadingenterprisessu,ZTEhasestablishedapersonnelincentivemechanism,whichisresult-orientedandfeaturesthetwo-dimensionalevaluationbasedonperformanceandvalue,themandatorydistributionofevaluat,,whichisorientedtowardkeytechnologies,,andtheirRDeva,theCh,andtheirevaluationovationtechnologies,ovationtechnologiesbyrelyingonthe"low-costandqualityservices"andby,theChineseenterpriseshaveyett,irstacquirepatentrightsfortheirleadingtechnologiesandembedtheirtechnologicalpatentsinthetechnologicalstandardsbeforerelyingonthepowerfulmarketforcestopromotetheinternatioationandinmarketforces,theyarestillunabletoestablishthemarketizationcapacitiesfortheleadingtechnologies.ZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.澳门贵宾会MG花花公子重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByShenHengchao,,2007Thefundforscienceandtechnology(ST)activitiesreferstothemoneyraisedforSTservices,researchanddevelopment(RD),researchresultapplicatiootalSTfund,,itisnecessarytostudythedistributionandu,thesourceandspendingofthefundforSTactivitiescanberepresentedbytwoindicatorsrespectively,,China,,,,,%.Oftheinternalexpenditure,,theabsoluteamounthasbeenrisingsteadily,maintainingafairlystableratiowiththecountry(1)ClassificationaccordingtopurposesBasedondifferentpurposes,governmentfundforSTactivitiescanbeclassifiedintoSTexpense,threekindsoffeesforSTactivities,infrastructureconstructionfees,,whichrefermainlytotherecurrentoperationalandadministrativeexpensesoftheresearchinstitutionsunderthedepartmentsofthecentralgovernmentandthelaboratoriesofsomeuniversitiesanda,STexpenseaccountedfor30%ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo210,2005China’,theserviceindustryisstillconfrontedwithprominentproblems,suchassmallbusinessturnover,anirrationalstructure,low-levelservice,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinastatedinitsProposalsontheFormationofthe11thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopmentthatthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshouldbespedupandtheproportionandleveloft,ChinaneedsfirstofalltoremovebotviceIndustryComparedwiththemanufacturingindustry,manysectorsofthe,,andthekeytaskfortheregionalgovernment:(1)izecontrolsandreduceandevenabolishexaminationandapproval,theserviceindustrgovernmentdepartm,theindustrialandcommercialadministration,financeandthePeople’sBank.(2),Shanghaihad103regionalheadquartersofmultinationalcompanies(54ofwhichhadbeencertified),Singaporeandotherplacesisveryopenandliberal,thesemultinationa,thesettlementcenterofafinancialinstitutionhasto,thisnabletotrulyperformtheirduties.(3)industryhaverestrictedtheentryofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesan,Chinastipulatesthatalogisticsenterpri,b,thegovernmentshouldgraduallyliberalizeeconomiccontrolsovertheserviceindustryandatthesametimestrengthensocialcontrolsoverenvironmentalprotection,,itsregulationoversomesectorsoftheserviceindustryishighlyrandom,entsinchargeofindustrialadministrationonlypayatte,"controlling"to"servicing".Asaresult,nenoughtoChineseandforeigninvestorsInChina,Chineseandforeigninvestorsarepr,,logisticsandcourierservicesarenotedforfiercemarketcompetition,buttheyare,themanagementofticketofficeofcivilaviationandtravelserviceagencyisallowedonlyforstatecapital,,toacertainextent,reducedthevitalityhinderedtheintroductionanddigestionoftheadvancedknow-esofculture,logisticsandinformationresourcesarea,administrationsgoverningtheinformationresourcesindustryincludetheMinistryofInformationIndustry,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theMinistryofCulture,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theGeneralAdministrationofPressandPublication,theStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,theStateAdministrationofRadio,partmentshasresult,therearetherearerepetitionlopmentoftheirservicesystems,,asaresultofChina’sfailuretodesignpropersystemstorationallydistinguishpublicbenefitundertakingsfromprofit-orientedbusinesses,theprovisionofpublicserviceshasbeeninefficientandthedevelopmentofprofit-orientedbusinessesforhigh-enddemandhasbeeninadequate.%,yearonyear,,,thecountry’seconomicgrowthratehasmaintaineda10%growthrate(estimatedonthebasisoftheadjusteddata),(CPI)%%%,theactualgrowthwas12%.%;thee%;%,,butthegrowthrate%yearonyear,,,andthetradesurpluscontinuestoexpandIn2005,%%,andthegrowthratewasaboutthesamewiththatofthepreviousyear;%,an,,anewroundofec—whentheeconomygrowsatahighspeed,:Demand,especiallythesourcedemandcausedbytheupgradingoftheconsumptionstructure,isstillrobust,whichdeterminesthateconomywillcontinuetomaintainahighgrowthrate;ontheotherhand,’sabilityofadjustmentoftotalsupplyanditsstructureissostrongthatitcouldmakesupplypromptlyadapttothechangeofthedemand—,ontheonehand,themarketislarge,activelypushingtheadvanceofindustriesandenterprises;ontheotherhand,thereisarapidlygrowingan,ningthereform,o,encouragingpersonalpurchaseofcarsandhousesandcontinuingtoupgradetheconsumptionstructurearekeyfactorsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowthChina’%in2002,%in2003,%in2004andonly4%fromJanuarytoMayin2005(theabovegrowthratesarebasedonyear-on-yearcomparison).Thisindicatesthatthegrowthofcarpurchasehast,realestatehasbecomeahotspotofresidents’,,thepersonalcarandhousepurchasewouldte,icgrowth,thecontinuousslowdownofpurchasemightleadtoincessantdec,itissuggestedthatanimportantpolicygoalduringtheperiodofsteadygrowthistoencourageresidentstobycarsandhousepInthisnewroundofrapideconomicgrowth,,theproductioncapacityhasbeenvigorouslyraisedinironandsteel,cementandnon-ferrousindustries;ontheotherhand,theoverheatedtreadhasbeeneffectivelycontrolledasaresultofaseriesofmacrocontroladjustments;butthedomesticcarandhousepurchasesaswellas,thegrowthofdemandfortheheavyindustryhastendedtobesteady,whichwil,,theheavyindustry,resultinginachangefromquantitativeexpa,China’sexporthasmaintaineda30%-:First,internationalindustrialtransferhascreatedadrasticincreaseofthecountry’sprocessingtrade;second,domesticcompetitionpressurehassqueezedmoreandmorelabor-intensiveindustriesintotheinternationalmarket,suchaslightandtextileindustries,’marketingabi,fiercerdomesticcompetitionandfallingpriceswillinevitablyrestricttheincreaseofimports,whichwillalsoleadtomoretradesurplusandmoretradefrictionswithChina’,Chinawillbeunderaseriesofpressuictions.YueSongdong,,2005Recently,theauthorconductedasurveyinFushun,BenxiandFuxininLchasmasspoverty,entTherootcauseoftheproblemsintheaforementionedcitiesiswidelyseen,tosomeextent,,citiesinLi,astheplannedeconomywasinpracticeforalongtimeinthesecities,’sprimitiveaccumulationofindustrializationwasfinancedonthebasisofthedifferentialb,rawmaterialswereappropriatedatco"productionprevailingoverlivelihood,"t,thecitieshavelongbeenengagedincrude,extensiveproduction,,iflinkedtogether,,theywillinevitablyendupby"drinkingpoisontoquenchthirst."Third,thema,thefinalsolutiontotheproblemofpovertyliesinimprovingthecomprehensivenessoftheimp,marketmechanismsoftenfailtofunctionbecausetheenvironmentisan"externality.",thecausesoftheurbansocialproblemsinLiaoning’sresource-drainedcitieshavetheirownspecialcharacteristics,demonstratedmainlyinthefollowingthreeaspects:First,thesecitieswereonceundercolonial1931-1934,,thesecitieshave"donatedblood"’"nurture",insufficientdepreciationofequipmentandchroniclagging-behindinprospectingcausedtheresource-reliantcitiesinLiaoningto"losetoomuchofblood."Afterthecitieshavemadehugecontributionsoverthepast50-plusyears,,itisverydifficultforthesecitiestorepaytheirhis,t,,employmentinthemineareashadaspecialfeature:usuallytheminer’,however,accessoryenterprisesgobankruptimmediately,resultinginmassunemploymentandalargenumberof"completelyunemployed"se,,furthermovesshouldbetakentoimprovemechanismsandfindwayst:First,dvanc"Latin-Americanphenomenon"als,,socialproblemswillnotonlydisruptsocialstabilitybutalsohampereconomicdevelopment.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以——AnalysisBasedontheInputOutputTableofChinafrom1987to2002ByLiShantong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCGaoChuansheng(TsinghuaUniversity)ResearchReport034,2007Producerserviceshavebecomethefocusofcurrentindustrialinternationalcompetitionandmajorvalue-addedandprofitpointintheglobalvaluechains(GVC).TheenhancementoftheirdevelopmentwillbetheimportantorientationforfacilitatingChina,someproblemsChinaseconomyhasencountered,suchasthechangeofextensivegrowthandlackofkeytechnologyandworld-famousbrandsinindustry,havetobesolvedthroughthedevelopmentandupgradingofproducerservices;ontheotherhand,thecurrenteconomydevelopmentpatterndominatedbymanufacturingindustrywithoutthesupportofacompleteandfunctionalproducerservicessystem,ha,r,basedontheinputoutputtableofChinafrom1987to2002,thisarticledefinesthespecificconnotationofproducerservicesinChina,evaluatesitsdevelopmentlevelandactualgrowthrate,andfurtheranalyzesitsinternalstructure,inanattempttoprovidebasicprinciplestoboostthetransitionandupgradingofChina(hereinaftermentionedasPS),oppositetoconsumerservicesthatdirectlysatisfytheultimateconsumptionneeds,areacategoryofservicesbasedonservicefunctions1,referringto"thoseservicesallocatedforothercommodityproducersandserviceprovidersastheintermediateinput"(GrubelWalker,1989),ultsofdomesticandforeignscholars,wedivideproducerservicesintotwodifferentapproaches:(1)inanarrowsense,wheretheterm"producerservices"aremostfrequentlyused,itreferstothoseservicesprovidedfortheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesasanintermediateinput,namely,the"producers"thatPSaimedatrefertoallindustries,heinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontalpartusedforvariousindustriesasanintermediateinput;(2)inabroadsense,allservicesnotdedicatedtosatisfytheultimateconsumptionneedsofconsumersareproducerservices,wherethe"producers"beingsatisfiedincludenotonlyallindustries,butalsogovernment,toftheinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontaldifferenceofthetotalou,therearetwoformsofproducerservices:oneisthenon-independentformthathasnotbeenmarketizedbutinteriorizedinindustriesor(governmentalornon-governmental)bodies,theotheristheindependentformthathasundergonetheprocessofexternalizationandmarketization,namely,thePSindustry,"producerservices":,alargemajorityofindustriesprovideconsumerservicesandproducerservicesatthesametime,raisingtheconfusionthatwhichcategorytheybelongto;,typicalproducerservicesoutsideChinagenerallyincludefinancing,insurance,realestateandbusinessservices(hereinaftermentionedasFIRE).Somedomesticscholarsalsoregardrealestateasoneoftheproducerservices,whichcontradictstheuniquerealityofChina,whererealestatemainlysatisfiesthehabitationneedsofresidentscurrently,ratherthanthe,realestateindevelopedcountriesismainlyusedforrent,accountingforahighpercentageofinvestmentneeds;ersintermediateneedsforservices,,,ifatradeprovidesbothproducerandconsumerservices,,twoindicesareintroduced,namely"theintermediateuserate"and"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate",andtheanalysisofinput/tedontheintermediateuseoftheprimary,snupby,"theintermediateuserate"isappropriateforthedefinitionofthePSindustryinitsnarrowsense,while"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"–thePSindustryhasanindexhigherthantheaverage,"Theintermediateuserate"andChinasPSindustryinitsnarrowsenseDefinedby"theintermediateuserate",%,%oftheoutputofserv,s,suchasurbanpublictransportation,restaurants,realestate,tourism,residentservicesandotherservices,education,sanitation,socialsecurityandwelfare,culture,arts,andbroadcasting,moviesandTV,sports,%,,forthereasonslikedatagatheringandthecurrentsituationoftheexpendituresubjectinChina,theintermediateuseratescalculatedforsomeindustries,suchasscientificresearch,professionaltechnologyandothertechnicalservices,managementofenvironmentalresourcesandpublicestablishment,publicmanagementandsocialorganizationandetc.,arenotsuitabletodecidewhichcategorytheyshouldbelongto,thus"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"ishelpful....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.*Aphaseresearchresultof"InteractiveRelationshipbetweenProducerServicesandManufacturingUpgradinginChina",amajorprojectofCIDEG2006ofTsinghuaUniversity,1966andthendevelopedrespectivelybyBrowningSingelmannin1975andSingelmannin1978.、澳门贵宾会MG花花公子用户至上恒峰1769PT深海大赢家Datasource:StatisticsalmanacofJiangsuProvinceoverth,WuxiandChangzhou,Suzhouhasthelargestarea,,Suzhouhasbeguntoexceedtheothersevencitiessince1990s,anddevelopedrapidlyt,GDPofSuzhou()wasalittlehigherthanthatofWuxi().However,in2005,GDPofSuzhou()wasalmostthesumofthatofWuxi()andChangzhou().ThepercapitaGDPofSuzhouin1999was23,595yuan,lessthan26,,itreached54,165yuan,exceedingthatof50,,,;in2005,,,sincetheendofthe1990s,Suzhouhasalsoplayedaleadingroleinimportandexportvolume,cont,theimportandexportvolumeofSuzhoucitytoppedUS$,morethanthatoftheothersevencities;thecontractedforeigncapitalofSuzhouwasUS$,aboutthatofWuxi,ChangzhouandNanjing;thevolumeofforeigninvestmentactuallyusedamountedtoUS$,aboutthesumofWuxi,Changzhou,mentofSuzhouTherapidtransitionofSuzhoufromaconsumptndofthe1960s,actuallystartedinthe1970sanddevelopedinthe1980sthroughtheutilization"modelofdevelopmentinsouthernJiangsu""export-orientedeconomy",thevigorousintroductionofforeigncapitalandthedevelopmentofprivateeconomy,,th,Suzhouhasanumberofdevelopmentzones,includingfivenationaldevelopmentzonesrepresentedbySuzhouIndustrialPark,SuzhouNationalNewHi-TechIndustrialDevelopmentZoneandKunshanEconomicTechnologyDevelopmentZone,elevenprovincialdevelopmentzones,sixexportprocessingzones,twobondedlogisticscenters(typeB),andonebondedlogisticsparklinkingdevelopmentzonesandport(Table2).pmentzonesconstituteimporta,themaineconomicindexesofthedevelopmentzonesinSuzhouhavereachedanannualgrowthrateofover40%,onestothewholecity:%ofthecitysarea,%oftheGDP,60%oftheindustrialaddedvalue,%%oftheforeigntradeexportvolumeofSuzhoucity....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLinJiabin,,2006TheEconomicSocialAffairsDepartmentoftheOfficeoftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupforWesternDevelopmentandtheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciljointlycarriedoutthe"StudyontheCountermeasuresforImprovementofRuralPublicServicesintheWesternRegion".Basedontheresearchfindingsofthestudy,weproposedthefollowingviewsandrecommendationsregardinghowtospeedupteWesternRegionTheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices"isexpresslyproposedforthefirsttimeinthe"RecommendationsoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaontheFormulationofthe11thFive-YearPlanfortheDomesticEconomicandSocialDevelopment".InviewofthepracticalsituationofChina,thesignificantanddifficultpointsofrealizingtheobjectiveofequalizadway,basedontheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices",itisofgreatsignificanc,itistheemarkabledifferencefromthenationalaveragelevelalareasofthewesternregioncouldenableittograduallyapproachandcatchupwiththenationalaveragelevel,andthereforefulfilltheobjectiv,itisrequiredforbridgingthegapofresidentswelfarebetweendifferentareasandurbanandruralareas,welfareistofulfilltheequalizationofbasicpublicservicesbymeansofgovernment,itistoguaranteethatsuchbasicpublicservicesastheminimumsocialsecurity,fundamentaleducationandbasicmedicalandhygieneconditionswillcoverallthepopulationsothatnthereductionofthegapofcurrentresidentswelfare,butmoreimportantly,,suchaseducationandmedicalandhygieneconditions,areinfactequivalenttotheinvestmentinputintohumanresources,and,id,greatachievementshavebeenmadeintermsoftheinfrastructureconstruction,improvementofecologicalenvironment,developmentofscienceandededontheobtainedachievementsandimplementthescientificconceptofpressingaheadthepeople-oriented,comprehensive,harmonizedandsustainabledevelopmentputforwardbytheCPCCentralCommittee,iti,whilethelarge-scaleinfrastructureandecologicalenvironmenthavewitnessedobviousimprovement,theunder-developmentincertainareasthatarecloselyconnectedwiththepeople,transportation,hospitalizationandschoolingandthemonotonousanddullegion,toupgradefullythequalityoflifeandwelfarelevelandtoenhancethedevelopmentcapacityofthefarmersinthewesternregionsho,itisrequired,,theruralareasofthewesternregionarealsotheplaceswheremostoftheethnicm,toeliminatethegapofthebasicpubicservicesbetweenthisareaandtheothersandrealizetheequalizationofpublicservicesisnotonlyanobjectivedemandforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwaybutalsotheursofthepublicservices,therearegreatgapsofpublicservicesbetweendifferentareasandtheurbanandruralareasinChina,:,,,ity,%%ofadministrativevillagesinthe,065townshipsand51,426establishedvillageshavenopassengertransportation,%%ofthecountry/,thepoortransportation,inferiorroads,badtrafficconditionsandgreatamountofgritroadsurfacesintheruralareashaveseriouslyrestrictedtheeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite., Tothisday,Chinastillcarriesoutthesystemofdivisionalgovernanceinurbanandrural,ononehand,hasbroughtruralandurbanlandsunderdifferentlegalframeworkandunderthegovernanceofdifferentinstitutions,thusformingdifferentmarketandpowersystems;ontheotherhand,ithasgivenrisetoanimperativerequisitionoflandbythegovernmentsincaseofchangingtheagriculturallandstothelandsforconstructionputheagriculturallandsintothelandsforconstruct,likethelargestate-ownedenterprisesmonopolizingupstreamresources,edtothemajorityofinvestmentbeingsuppli,lawsarenotonlytheimportantguaranteeforthelocalgovernmentstosurviveandfunction,buthavealsoprecipitatedtheformationofthespecialincentivestrusale,themoredisposableincomesthelocalitieswillacquire;themorelandsthegovernmentspossess,thelessthecostwillbeforthecitiestoexpand,theeasieritwillbeforthecitiestoinvitea,taxation,banking,investment,formationofpricingmechanism,,itistheCentralGovernmentwhogetsholdofthelands,,asthelocalfinancedependsmuchonlandwhiletherelatedfinancialconditionscannotbeimproved,thelocalgovernmentswillthenhavetheimpulsetoloosenthecontroloverthelandsorevenmakeitalloutofcontrolthustofurtherunderplaytheCentralGovernmentscontroloverthelandsandtwiththeestablishmentofthedevelopmentpriorityzonesasastartingpoint,putsforwardthebasicprinciplesforformulatingthelandpolicyintheconstructionofthedevelopmentpriorityzonesandillustratestherelatedlandpoliciesintermsofoptimizeddevelopmentzones,importantdevelopmentzones,esasastartingpointAmongChinaseconomicdevelopmentplans,somearefive-yearplansfocusedoneconomicdevelopment,someareoverallplansforlandutilizationaimedatcontroloflanduseandprotectionofarablelands,andsomeareurb,whencarriedout,functionindependentlyandconflictwitheachother,,likeGDPgrowth,asthedominantfactorsandarecrucialfortheeconomicdevelopmentofanareaduringacertainperiodofti,fanareaand,ex,Chinaisnowinthestageofarapidurbanization,therefore,itisnotstrangeforthelocalgovernmentstoreviseorcompiletheurbanconstructionplanswithintwo-threeyearsucture,landtransferandtheprotectedvolumeofarablelandsunderagivenpaceofeconomi,astheeconomyandurbanizationinvariouslocalitieshavedevelopedmorerapidlythanexpectedandChinasfirstlandutilizationplanwasworkedoutin1997afterthereform,theplanisnotablycharacterizedbytheplannedeconomywithanevidentlylowerexpectancyfortheeconomicdevelopment,thusmakingtheoverallplansforlandutilizationfallfarbehindandtobecomelessandlessauthoritativeandev,,thenationaleconomyandsocialdevelopmentplanasthebasis,theurbanandlandplansasthestruttograduallysetuptheplanningsystemforlandstainabledevelopmentandcoordinatedregionaldevelopmentandth,importantdevelopment,limiteddevelopmentandprohibiteddevelopmentshouldbedistributedinascientificwayandshouldbedefinedbyLandPlanningLawsoastoimprovetheplanninginamorescientificway,toreducetheadministrativeinterventionandtodecreasetheconflictsandcontradictionsbetweenthelower-levellaws.、DVORWangMengkuiWhileChinahasmanyfavorableconditionsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowth,,breaking:Ontheonehand,China’spercapitapossessionofresourcesisrelativelylowandthecountryispreciselyindustrializationandurbanization,withthefastgrowthofurbanandrural,theextensivemodeofgrowth,theirrationalstructureoftheeconomy,thegrowingintensityofresourceconsumptionandtheseriouswastesinvariousareasofsoes,theenergyconsumptionforper10,,200KWsto5,,theenergyconsumptionforunitaddedvalueattheinternationalpurchasingpowerparityfell68percent,,,China’,thisprogressismadeonthebasenumbersofextremelyhighresourceconsumptioncharacterizedwiththecountry’,Chinastillhasalongwaytogoincatchingupwiththeworld’’saveragelevelsofunitenergyconsumptionintheeightsectors,includingironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,powergenerationandthechemicalindustry,,,theintensityofresourceconsumptionhasbeenontherise,,resourcessuchasfarmland,freshwater,ene,wewouldfindithardtocarryonevennow,resourceconsumpt,,iti,resourceconservationsh,,whileweseemanyencouragingdevelopments,onservation,becausethetasksaheadareformidableandrequireeffortsinmanyareas:--,,reutilizationandresourceconservation,greateffortsshouldbemadetodevelopacirculatingeconomyandtointensifytheintegrateduseofresourcesandtherecyclingandutilizationofrenewableresourcessothatland,water,energyandmineralresourcescanbeutilizedfullyandefficiently.--,turningthepopulationpressureintoahumanresourceadvantagecannotbere,itisimperativetovigorouslydevelophighandnewtechnologiesthatcanplaymajorcatalyticrolesinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,andtoproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencapital-andtechn,heavyenvironmentalpollutionandoutdatedtechnologiesshouldbeeliminatedthroughmandatoryprocedures.--Removethedeep-roo,coupledwithalandpolicyofloworzeroprices,,materialconsumptionandenvironmentalprotectionandthefaultyperformanceevaluationmethodsareals,providingsystemandpolicyguaranteesforresourceconservationshouldbecomeamajorthrustofthereformsinthenextphase.--,conservationshouldbeaddedtothecontentsofthelawsonlandmanagement,water,construction,power,,theysetceilingsonone-timewaterusefortoiletflushesandmandate,however,therehavebeennomandatoryrestrictions,exceptgeneralcaethesecars"donotlooknice",theseregionsareencouragingwastefuluseofgasolinethroughadministrativefiat.--Nurt,,anundesirablesocialtrend,namelyamodeofextravagantorevenflauntyconsumption,isfastdevelopingtodayasaresuhreatensthecountry’rchildhoodthatcherishingresourcesisavirtueandtoletresou,governments,enterprisesandcitizensallhavearesponsibility.--Exp,policiesandmanagementexperienceonresourceconservation,introduceresource-effectiveequipment,technologiesandprocesses,andencourageforeignbusinessestoinvestintheserelatedareas.——AnalysisBasedontheInputOutputTableofChinafrom1987to2002ByLiShantong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCGaoChuansheng(TsinghuaUniversity)ResearchReport034,2007Producerserviceshavebecomethefocusofcurrentindustrialinternationalcompetitionandmajorvalue-addedandprofitpointintheglobalvaluechains(GVC).TheenhancementoftheirdevelopmentwillbetheimportantorientationforfacilitatingChina,someproblemsChinaseconomyhasencountered,suchasthechangeofextensivegrowthandlackofkeytechnologyandworld-famousbrandsinindustry,havetobesolvedthroughthedevelopmentandupgradingofproducerservices;ontheotherhand,thecurrenteconomydevelopmentpatterndominatedbymanufacturingindustrywithoutthesupportofacompleteandfunctionalproducerservicessystem,ha,r,basedontheinputoutputtableofChinafrom1987to2002,thisarticledefinesthespecificconnotationofproducerservicesinChina,evaluatesitsdevelopmentlevelandactualgrowthrate,andfurtheranalyzesitsinternalstructure,inanattempttoprovidebasicprinciplestoboostthetransitionandupgradingofChina(hereinaftermentionedasPS),oppositetoconsumerservicesthatdirectlysatisfytheultimateconsumptionneeds,areacategoryofservicesbasedonservicefunctions1,referringto"thoseservicesallocatedforothercommodityproducersandserviceprovidersastheintermediateinput"(GrubelWalker,1989),ultsofdomesticandforeignscholars,wedivideproducerservicesintotwodifferentapproaches:(1)inanarrowsense,wheretheterm"producerservices"aremostfrequentlyused,itreferstothoseservicesprovidedfortheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesasanintermediateinput,namely,the"producers"thatPSaimedatrefertoallindustries,heinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontalpartusedforvariousindustriesasanintermediateinput;(2)inabroadsense,allservicesnotdedicatedtosatisfytheultimateconsumptionneedsofconsumersareproducerservices,wherethe"producers"beingsatisfiedincludenotonlyallindustries,butalsogovernment,toftheinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontaldifferenceofthetotalou,therearetwoformsofproducerservices:oneisthenon-independentformthathasnotbeenmarketizedbutinteriorizedinindustriesor(governmentalornon-governmental)bodies,theotheristheindependentformthathasundergonetheprocessofexternalizationandmarketization,namely,thePSindustry,"producerservices":,alargemajorityofindustriesprovideconsumerservicesandproducerservicesatthesametime,raisingtheconfusionthatwhichcategorytheybelongto;,typicalproducerservicesoutsideChinagenerallyincludefinancing,insurance,realestateandbusinessservices(hereinaftermentionedasFIRE).Somedomesticscholarsalsoregardrealestateasoneoftheproducerservices,whichcontradictstheuniquerealityofChina,whererealestatemainlysatisfiesthehabitationneedsofresidentscurrently,ratherthanthe,realestateindevelopedcountriesismainlyusedforrent,accountingforahighpercentageofinvestmentneeds;ersintermediateneedsforservices,,,ifatradeprovidesbothproducerandconsumerservices,,twoindicesareintroduced,namely"theintermediateuserate"and"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate",andtheanalysisofinput/tedontheintermediateuseoftheprimary,snupby,"theintermediateuserate"isappropriateforthedefinitionofthePSindustryinitsnarrowsense,while"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"–thePSindustryhasanindexhigherthantheaverage,"Theintermediateuserate"andChinasPSindustryinitsnarrowsenseDefinedby"theintermediateuserate",%,%oftheoutputofserv,s,suchasurbanpublictransportation,restaurants,realestate,tourism,residentservicesandotherservices,education,sanitation,socialsecurityandwelfare,culture,arts,andbroadcasting,moviesandTV,sports,%,,forthereasonslikedatagatheringandthecurrentsituationoftheexpendituresubjectinChina,theintermediateuseratescalculatedforsomeindustries,suchasscientificresearch,professionaltechnologyandothertechnicalservices,managementofenvironmentalresourcesandpublicestablishment,publicmanagementandsocialorganizationandetc.,arenotsuitabletodecidewhichcategorytheyshouldbelongto,thus"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"ishelpful....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.*Aphaseresearchresultof"InteractiveRelationshipbetweenProducerServicesandManufacturingUpgradinginChina",amajorprojectofCIDEG2006ofTsinghuaUniversity,1966andthendevelopedrespectivelybyBrowningSingelmannin1975andSingelmannin1978.ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo043,2006SeveralOpinionsoftheGeneralOfficeoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilonStrengtheningtheWorkofDevelopingandUtilizingInformationResources()alreadylaidoutguidingopinionsonsotingthedevelopmentofChina’sinformationresourcesindustrywhilestrengtheningtheworkofdevelopingandutilizinginformationresources,thispaper,targetingonseveralproblemsnowexistinginChina’sinformationresourcesindustry,raisessomespecificpolicyrecommendationstopromotethedevelopmentofChina’motingInformationResourcesIndustryDevelopinginformationresourcesindustryisconducivetopromotingthedevelopmentanduseofinformationresources,promotingthetransformationoftraditionalindustriesandoptimizingChina’seconomicandindustrialstructure,andisthenaturalchoiceforincreasingChina’ationresourcesindustryandatthesametimelearningfromtheexperiencesandlessonsofthedevelopmentofChina’sstrategicindustriessuchasenergy,webelievethatitisnecessaryandamustfortheChinesegovernmenttoorganizerelevantdepartmentsandenterprisestomakeresearchandworkoutthestrategyforthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andtov:informationresourcesindustryAsalatecomerindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,Chinafacesanurgenttaskindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andChinashould,atthesatelevel,provideenoughandfo,withreferencetothepreferentialpoliciesprovidedtothehi-techindustryandthesoftwareindustry,shouldstudyandmakepoliciesandplansforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andworkoutspecificpolicymeasuresforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresesindustryIntheprocessofdevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,thegovernmentoftheRepublicofKoreagaveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofculturalindustryasrepresentedbyInternetgamesandfilmandtelevision,arigidindustrialcountryintoa"countryofcultureexports"withunlimitedcreation,andthe"ROKwind"tsdevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,giveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofafewfieldsoftheinformationresourcesindustryandguidetheseindustriesintodomesticandglobalpowerhousesandconsequentlyincreaseChina’’sinformationresourcesindustryAtpresent,therearedifferentviewsandopinionsinChinaonhowtodefinetheinformationresourcesindustry,ortobespecific,alinfor,archives,broadcastingandTVindustry,movieprojectionindustry,theproductionandcirculationindustryofmoviesandvideos,musicpublishingindustry,thepublicationofnewspapers,magazinesandperiodicals,thepublishingindustryofbooks,kinganddigitalizednewcontentindustry,includingthreemajorcategories:thefirstcategoryincludesdigitalmediaanddigitalvideoindustryforentertainmentconsumption,includingtheindustryofdigitalbroadcastinganddigitalTV,digitalvideos,wide-bandcontentservices,Internet-basedgamesandvalue-addedmobileandwirelessservices;thesecondcategoryincludesindustriesthatservecommercialactivities,mainlycommercialdatabases;thethirdcategoryincludesindustriesthatservestudy,education,scienceandresearch,includingtheindustryofInternet-basededucation,digitalpublishing,digitallibrary,,’sinformationresourcesindustryinascientificwaybyrelevantgovernmentdepartments,academiccirclesandenterprises,soastobuildasolidfoundationforofinformationresourcesindustryfromthestrategicpointofviewofimplementingtheconceptofscientificdevelopmentandspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustryWeshouldopenourmind,transformthetraditionalwayofthinking,improvetheunderstandingandleadershipcapacityovertheinformationresourcesindustryamongtheleadersofthecentralandlocalgovernments,integratethedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryfromthepointofviewofimplementingconceptofscientificdevelopmentwithspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustry,andtreattheaccele,wewillguidethecentralandlocalleaderstocorrectlyunderstandthefar-reachingsignificanceofspeedingupthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryinpromotingeconomicgrowthandtheoptimizationandupgradingofindustrialstructure,inalleviatingtheemploymentpressure,inservingthepeople’sroutinelife,insatisfyingthepeople’,wediscoveredthatthegovernmentdepartmentsofJiangsu,Shanghai,BeijingandHunanprovincesandmunicipalitiespaidhighattentiontothedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,havetakenspecificmeasurestopromoteitsdevelopmenticipalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustrytootherregionsandareas,anddevelopapatternthatallministriesandcommissionsofthecentralgovernmentshouldsupportlocalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustryandlocalitiesshouldhelponea,wewilldeepentheunderstandingoftheinformationresourcesindustryamongleaders,entrepreneursandallsocialcirclessothattheyrealizeChina’sinformationresourcesindustryisamodernserviceindustrywithbrightmarketprospectandhashugepotentialfordevelopment,learnandknowthecharacteristicsandlawsofthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,a,wewillmakefulluseofthemediasuchasbroadcasting,TV,newspapersandmagazinesandtheInternettogivefullcoverageofthetheoriesonthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,internationaldevelopmenttrends,state’spoliciesforthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryandtheexperiencesofallregionsindevelopinginformationresourcesindustry,fosterandpopularizemodelsindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andcreateafavorableenvironmentforpromotingthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry.。

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